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Soda lime glass is a common and inexpensive glass type used in many types of applications. It’s made from a wet batch process using about 60-75% silica, 12-18% soda and 5-12% lime.

It has excellent strength and can be chemically strengthened. It also has a hardness of 6-7 on the Mohs hardness scale, which measures how resistant to abrasion it is.

Optical Properties

Soda lime glass is one of the most common types of glass used in manufactured products. This type of glass is commonly found in windows, bottles, jars, and many other items, due to its low cost and excellent optical properties.

Soda-lime glass is made by melting a mixture of silica, soda, dolomite, lime (Ca(OH)2), aluminium oxide (AlO), and small amounts of fining agents, in a furnace at temperatures locally up to 1675 deg C.

Despite its lower cost and better optical properties, soda-lime glass is not the ideal choice for every type of product. For example, if a product will be exposed to chemicals or extreme heat, borosilicate glass is better.

In this study, the nonlinear optical properties of a soda lime glass doped with ZnO were investigated by spectroscopic ellipsometry and unpolarized transmittance spectroscopy at various wavelengths. The nonlinear refractive index, the energy band and the 3PA coefficient were determined, and it was shown that the nonlinear optical properties of the doped glass are intensity dependent and wavelength independent.

Thermal Properties

Soda lime glass is a commonly used type of glass, with a wide range of applications. It’s also relatively inexpensive and readily available.

Soda-lime glass is produced by melting silica, soda, and lime in a furnace at temperatures up to 1675 deg C. The glass is then cooled and shaped into sheets.

It is a transparent, “water white” glass that is often used in window panes and bottles and jars to store food or beverages. It can be tempered, making it up to three times stronger than non-tempered glass.

Soda lime glass is also widely used in scientific applications for supplies like Petri dishes, and it is sometimes chemically strengthened to improve scratch resistance and hardness. It can also be a cheaper alternative to borosilicate glass products when tempered.

Chemical Properties

Soda lime glass is a common type of glass that is used for windows and bottles. It is made by melting silica with soda and lime in a glass furnace.

The soda lowers the temperature at which the silica melts and the lime stabilizes it. This makes the glass more workable and cheaper to manufacture, as it can be softened several times throughout the process of creating a product.

This also makes it very affordable and easy to recycle.

Another advantage of soda lime glass is that it is chemically stable and has strong atomic bonds. These make it difficult for chemicals to attack the glass and corrode it.

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Mechanical Properties

Soda lime glass is a versatile material that has many uses in everyday life. It is used to create window panes, bottles and jars for storing food and drinks, and laboratory equipment like Petri dishes.

Soda lime glass can be tempered to enhance its strength and resist thermal shocks. It also has good electrical insulating properties and can transmit visible light efficiently.

The main glass-forming constituents in soda lime glass are silica (SiO2), calcium oxide (CaO), alumina (Al2O3), and sodium oxide or soda (Na2O). Other additives can be added to meet specific application requirements.

Soda lime glass can also be ion exchanged to improve its mechanical properties. Ion exchange is a chemical process that transfers stress on the surface of the glass through potassium ion concentration changes. This process is a cheap, environmentally-friendly and sustainable way to strengthen and improve the physical characteristics of soda lime glass. It is a useful alternative to heat tempering.

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